Kangaroos

Aliases Feeding Reproduction Appearance Hopping Social System Behaviours Mortality Status Distribution

The sources of this information are provided under Resources

Aliases

Taxonomic classification
Superfamily Macropodoidea big footed
62 species in Australia & Papua New Guinea
size 1 kg - 90 kg
Family       Macroprodinae kangaroos and wallabies
Genus         Macropus kangaroos
six largest species of the family

Relationships among Kangaroos

Genus

Macropus

Kangaroos share:

  1. large size

  2. grazers
    - specialised teeth for cropping grass
    - complex forestomachs for the breakdown of plant fibre by fermentation

Species rufus fuliginosus giganteus antilopinus robustus bernadus
Common Names Red Kangaroo,
Marloo. Blue-flier (female)
Western Grey, black-faced kangaroo, sooty kangaroo, mallee kangaroo, stinker Eastern Grey, forester, scrubber, Great Grey Antilopine Kangaroo Common Wallaroo, Euro, briggada Black Wallaroo
Grouping Red Kangaroo Grey Kangaroos Antilopine Kangaroo

Wallaroo / Euro

Appearance

Red Kangaroo

Black and white patch at side of muzzle; the tip of the nose is naked and sharply outlined

Male: 1.8 m 90 kg
Female: 1.25 m 35 kg

Grey Kangaroos

Muzzle covered by fine hair; only the margins of the nostrils are bare black skin

Male: 1.6 m 70 kg
Female: 1.2 m 35 kg

Antilopine Kangaroo

Male: 1.5 m 49 kg
Female: 1.0 m 20 kg

Euro

Nose is completely naked

Male: 1.6 m 58 kg
Female: 1.2 m 25 kg

Black Wallaroo

Nose is completely naked

Male: 1.0 m 22 kg
Female: 0.8 m 13 kg

*Height is measured when sitting up on their haunches.

Behaviours

These are actions that promote the unity of a group; don't include either displays of aggression or reproductive behaviour

Between group members:

Mother and offspring:

Aggression

Distribution

Habitat preference

Red Kangaroo

Western Grey Kangaroo

Eastern Grey Kangaroo

Antilopine Kangaroo

Euro group (4 subspp)

Black Wallaroo

Feeding

Hopping

Energetics of hopping

Causes of mortality

Lack of Nutrition

Predation

Disease

Environmental stress

The incidence of mortality by disease vectors usually involves the interrelationship of some of the other factors listed

General

Gestation and birth

Lactation

Emergence from the pouch

TIMING OF SEXUAL MATURITY (months)
Species Male Female
Red 24 15-20
Western Grey 31 14
Eastern Grey 48 18
Euro 24 21

Social system

Aggregation

Mob

Group

Species Typical group size* Aggregation size Home range size**
Red 3 - 4 20 150 ha
Western Grey 2 - 16 100 ha
Eastern Grey 3 - 23 80 20 ha
Eastern Grey  (Tasmania) 5
Antilopine 3 - 12 50 female14 ha
male 76 ha
Euro 2 - 3 10-37 ha
* (from Dawson TJ, 1995, p29)
** depends on sex, season, habitat, time span

Status

References - books